Chandrayaan 3: India’s Resilience in Lunar Exploration

Chandrayaan 3 is a sequel to the successful Chandrayaan-2 mission, which was launched in July 2019 with the objective of deploying a rover on the lunar South Pole. Following the setback of the Vikram lander, a new mission was conceived to demonstrate the necessary landing capabilities for the upcoming lunar polar exploration mission in 2024, which is being proposed in partnership with Japan. This upcoming mission will consist of a dedicated landing module and an orbiter.

OBJECTIVE of Chandrayaan 3

Chandrayaan 3 holds 3 primary objectives that will contribute to our understanding of the moon and its resources. According to the ISRO website, the Lunar Mission aims to achieve three primary objectives: showcasing safe and gentle landing on the lunar surface, demonstrating rover mobility on the moon, and conducting in-situ scientific experiments. Moreover, this mission strives to enhance India’s technological prowess in space exploration by refining the precision and dependability of soft landing techniques. The data gathered during the mission will be invaluable for researchers and scientists worldwide, fostering international collaborations and paving the way for further advancements in lunar exploration.


The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) revealing that the Chandrayaan-3 will be launch from mighty Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3) and integration of the spacecraft is successful completed. The LVM3, often referred to as the heavyweight champion of Indian rockets, holds a remarkable distinction. Boasting an impressive gross lift-off weight of 640 tonnes and measuring a staggering 43.5 meters in length, it stands tall as the largest and most powerful rocket in India.


As per WION, Chandrayaan 3 has been allocated a budget of Rs 615 crore. While comparison, the Chandrayaan 2 mission cost of Rs 978 crore and the budget for Chandrayaan 1 was Rs 386 crore, according to ISRO.


India’s first lunar exploration mission was Chandrayaan-1 which launched on October 22, 2008. The mission was a significant success as it discovered water on the Moon.

India’s first lunar exploration mission was Chandrayaan–2, which launched on July 22, 2019. However, after 48 days, the Vikram lander unfortunately experienced a hard landing during Chandrayaan 2, the orbiter component continues to orbit the moon, collecting crucial data and transmitting valuable images of the lunar surface. Leveraging the knowledge gained from Chandrayaan 2, ISRO aims to rectify the shortcomings and technical glitches encountered during the previous mission.

Chandrayaan 3 will incorporate improvements in navigation, communication, and landing systems, ensuring a higher probability of success. Building upon the technological advancements achieved in Chandrayaan 2, Chandrayaan 3 will strive to overcome the challenges faced during the earlier mission.


India’s endeavors in lunar exploration extend far beyond national borders, embodying a broader global perspective. Chandrayaan 3, with its cutting-edge technology and scientific objectives, highlights India’s intent to collaborate and share knowledge with international partners. The mission is expected to foster greater cooperation between ISRO and other space agencies, facilitating the exchange of expertise and resources.

India’s contributions to lunar exploration have significant implications for both scientific research and future space missions. The mission’s findings will enhance our understanding of the moon’s formation and evolution, shed light on the distribution of resources, and pave the way for future lunar missions, including manned missions.

Furthermore, Chandrayaan 3 showcases India’s determination to harness space technology for the betterment of humanity. By exploring the moon and gaining a deeper understanding of its resources, India aims to contribute to the development of sustainable space exploration, which could ultimately benefit all of humanity. Such efforts inspire countries around the world to join hands in the pursuit of scientific knowledge and exploration, transcending political boundaries and fostering a collective sense of wonder and discovery.


With its ambitious objectives and improved technological advancements, the mission promises to be another significant milestone in India’s lunar journey. By leveraging the experiences of Chandrayaan 2 and fostering global collaborations, India aims to make significant contributions to our understanding of the moon and pave the way for future space missions. Chandrayaan 3 truly exemplifies India’s indomitable spirit and its vision of exploring the cosmos for the betterment of humanity.

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